GBTU B.Tech 1st Year Syllabus (EAS105/EAS205:ENVIRONMENT & ECOLOGY) with Text & Reference Books

UNIT-I
Definition, Scope & Importance, Need For Public Awareness- Environment definition, Eco system – Balanced ecosystem, Human activities – Food, Shelter, Economic and social Security.
Effects of human activities on environment-Agriculture, Housing, Industry, Mining and Transportation activities, Basics of Environmental Impact Assessment. Sustainable Development.

UNIT-II
Natural Resources- Water Resources- Availability and Quality aspects. Water borne diseases, Water induced diseases, Fluoride problem in drinking water. Mineral Resources, Forest Wealth, Material cycles- Carbon, Nitrogen and Sulphur Cycles.
Energy – Different types of energy, Electro-magnetic radiation. Conventional and Non-Conventional sources – Hydro Electric, Fossil Fuel based, Nuclear, Solar, Biomass and Bio-gas. Hydrogen as an alternative future source of Energy.

UNIT-III
Environmental Pollution and their effects. Water pollution, Land pollution. Noise pollution, Public Health aspects, Air Pollution, Solid waste management.
Current Environmental Issues of Importance : Population Growth, Climate Change and Global warming- Effects, Urbanization, Automobile pollution.
Acid Rain, Ozone Layer depletion, Animal Husbandry.

UNIT-IV
Environmental Protection- Role of Government, Legal aspects, Initiatives by Non-governmental Organizations (NGO), Environmental Education, Women Education.


Text Books
1. Environmental Studies – Benny Joseph – Tata McgrawHill-2005
2. Environmental Studies – Dr. D.L. Manjunath, Pearson Education-2006.
3. Environmental studies – R. Rajagopalan – Oxford Publication - 2005.
4. Text book of Environmental Science & Technology – M. Anji Reddy – BS Publication..

Reference Books
1. Principles of Environmental Science and Engineering – P. Venugoplan Rao, Prentice Hall of India.
2. Environmental Science and Engineering – Meenakshi, Prentice Hall India.

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